Exclusive 7pcs Russian Nesting Doll "Russian Summer Troika" By L Semenova

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7pcs Russian Matryoshka ( Nesting Doll) depicting the fairy tale of "Russian Summer Troika" by the Exclusive Artist Lena Semenova. This set was painted and signed by the artist Lena Semenova on the bottom of the first doll. Hand made and Hand Painted by the artist in Sergiev Posad, Russia. The first doll is 9 inches tall (23 cm) and the width is 4 inches (10 cm) each doll gets progressively smaller as the set is opened. Any patches in the photos are from the camera's light reflection. 



troika (Russianтройка, "triplet" or "trio") is a traditional Russian harness driving combination, using three horses abreast, usually pulling a sleigh. It differs from most other three-horse combinations in that the horses are harnessed abreast. The middle horse is usually harnessed in a horse collar and shaft bow; the side horses are usually in breastcollar harness. The troika is traditionally driven so that the middle horse trots and the side horses canter; the right-hand horse will be on the right lead and the left-hand horse on the left lead. The troika is often claimed to be the world's only harness combination with different gaits of the horses.[1][2]

The term "troika" is sometimes used to refer to any three-horse team harnessed abreast, regardless of harness style or what horse-drawn vehicle is used.

At full speed a troika can reach 45–50 kilometres per hour (28–31 mph), which was a very high speed on land for vehicles in the 17th–19th centuries, making the troika closely associated with the fast ride.

The troika was developed in Russia during the 17th century, first being used for speedy delivering of mail and then having become common by the late 18th century. It was used for travelling in stages where teams of tired horses could be exchanged for fresh animals to transport loads over long distances. Prior to this time, only groups of three or more people could use three horses, and a single person or two people had the right to only drive a single horse or a pair.

During the Russian Empire, the upper classes would use a troika driven by a livery-clad postilion.[clarification needed] Decorated troikas were popular in major religious celebrations and weddings.